In the 1980s, there was a lot of interest in Artificial Intelligence in the United States. Computers’ powers were highlighted in the 1990s, following the skepticism of the 1980s, which underlined the limitations of our present computers’ capabilities. AI development is currently one of the major scientific and industrial problems of the 21st century, following the pessimism that was prevalent in the 1990s (AIS).

Development of AIS is focused on creating technologies that will solve problems in the realms of electronics and heavy industries, agriculture and energy conservation as well as transportation and human health and public safety and national security.

When Albert Arnold Gore, Jr. (Vice President of the United States from 1993-2001 under President Bill Clinton) spoke in 1995 at a conference in Buenos Aires on the importance of “highways of distributed intelligence,” he meant “networks of distributed intelligence.” Better solutions to environmental problems at both the global and local levels will emerge from these interconnections as well as better health care and a shared sense of responsibility for our little planet as a result.

From a historical perspective, AIS came into being as a result of the emergence of man-machine systems, in which the functions of man and machine are intertwined. Examples include a car driver and his running vehicle and workers and machinery at a power station, all of which are examples of man-machine interactions. Man-machine systems rely on human operators to set goals, direct tasks, and integrate various components. The machine follows the instructions given and delivers feedback.

To put it another way, the human involvement has diminished over time as a result of the growth of man-machine systems. Man-machine systems that use control subsystems to automate ordinary tasks are referred to as “semi-automatic” systems because of their prevalence. Many semi-automatic systems have gradually evolved into fully automated ones.

During the previous few decades, computer systems have had a tremendous impact on many aspects of technology. Humans used to assign duties to machines, and the machines would carry them out. These machines can now do a wide range of human jobs, including creative problem solving, because to their superior programmable control systems and sensory devices. Engineering and scientific research into bionic technology is moving closer to building machines that can perform some human activities for those with disabilities. To put it another way, artificial intelligence was born as a result.